1 Food Biosciences Research Centre (FBRC), P. O Box 7852, Kampala, Uganda.
2 Agricultural Engineering Appropriate Technology Research Centre (AEATREC) P. O Box 7144, Kampala, Uganda.
Groundnut is the second most important pulse crop after beans in Uganda. Compared to sub-African countries like Mali and Gambia, the groundnut production level in Uganda has remained stagnantly low for last two decades. Nearly all groundnuts are consumed locally with minimal value addition. Additionally, significant quantities are contaminated with unacceptable levels of aflatoxin which is a serious safety/quality issue in international groundnut trade. This has affected Uganda’s full participation in the groundnuts business at regional as well as international level. As such, a PRA survey involving group and individual interviews was undertaken in August 2008 to identify and quantify bottlenecks that have hampered profitability in the sector. Results showed that lack of appropriate production technologies (83%, n=160), poor handling post-harvest practices (52%, n=160), groundnut variety (64%, n=160) limited knowledge on processing of high-value products (69%, n= 160), presence of unacceptable levels of aflatoxins (40-60-?g kg-1), and compliance to market safety/quality standards were the overriding factors influencing profitability of groundnut enterprise in the study area. With concerted technology transfer efforts to potential entrepreneurs, the identified drawbacks can be easily converted into opportunities for increased profitability in the groundnut sector.
Key words: Aflatoxin, groundnut variety, value addition, technology transfer.
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